|Scanning Speech||Scanning Speech (also know as Explosive Speech) is a type of ataxia dystheria. It presents as spoken words broken up into separate syllables with noticeable pauses and varying emphasis. The sentence Playing soccer is fun might sound like “Play (pause) ing soc (with force then pause) cer is fun.” Scanning speech is often associated with MS (multiple sclerosis).|
|Semantics||The study of the meaning of words, phrases, signs and symbols.
Link 1: Wikipedia – Semantics
|Sensorimotor Stage||See Cognitive Development|
|Sensorineural Deafness||See Deafness|
|Sensory Aphasia||See Wernicke’s Aphasia|
|Sentence||The linguistic unit that contains two or more morphemes that express a complete thought.
|Sibilant||A fricative sound which is accompanied by a hissing sound that is produced by directing a stream of air with the tongue toward teeth held closely together /s/, /z/, /ʃ/, /ʒ/, /tʃ/, /dʒ/ (/tʃ/, /dʒ/ are affricates with a consonant sound beginning as a stop, but expelled as a fricative).
Link 1: Wikipedia – Sibilant
|Sign Language||See American Sign Language|
|Slide||A method used by stutterers to control dysfluencies whereby the initial sound of a word is prolonged until they are able to move to the next sound.|
|Slit Fricative||See Fricative|
|Speech Language Pathologist||A licensed and certified individual who is qualified to diagnose and treat speech, language, voice and feeding disorders.|
|Speech Language Pathology||The study of speech, language and voice disorders to provide diagnoses and treatments.|
|Spinal Accessory Nerve||See Cranial Nerves|
|Stopping||Stopping is when a fricative sound like /f/ or /s/ or affricate like /ch/ or /j/ is substituted with a stop consonant like /d/ or /p/. For example “dan” for “fan”. Typically eliminated by 3- 4 ½ years depending on the sound. (See Phonological Disorder)|
|Stridency Deletion||See Phonological Processes – Syllable Structure|
|Strident Lisp||See Lisp|
|Stridor||A high-pitched breathing sound caused by a narrowed or obstructed airway which creates a turbulent air flow in the larynx. Stridor should not be ignored as it could be indicative of a serious obstruction from a foreign object, a tumor or epiglottis.
Link 1: Stridor – Medscape
|Stroke||A medical emergency when the blood supply to the brain is blocked or severely reduced depriving the brand of vital oxygen and nutrients. The brain cells in the affected area begin to die quickly. Depending on the location, the damage done to the brain by a stroke can impair speech.
See also Aphasia
Link 1: Webmd: Stroke
|Stuttering||Stuttering is a fluency disorder. Stuttering is sometimes referred to as stammering or disfluent speech. In short, stuttering is any interruption in the flow of speech. It’s quite common for children between ages 2 and 5. In fact, about 5% of children will develop stuttering during their childhood. It’s part of the process of learning how to speak. For most children, stuttering issues get better on their own, however for some kids, less than 1%, stuttering will continue and perhaps get worse after age five. Stuttering is twice as common in boys than girls and 3 to 4 times more likely to persist into adulthood for boys. Stuttering should be treated because it can affect a child’s academics and social interactions. It often causes emotional problems such as anxiety, fear or avoidance which can limit the potential of a child.
The primary characteristics include:
|Substituions||See articulation disorder.
See phonological processes.
|Suffix||A bound morpheme that is placed after a root word to form a new word. For example man how to buy Pregabalin ly, care is it legal to buy lasix online less.|
|Syntax||The rules that guide the construction of the different parts of speech in a sentence to convey meaning.
Link 1: Syntax – Literary Devices Definition and Examples
Speech Pathology Dictionary S Termsslpterms2019-01-18T21:16:24+00:00