|Vagas Nerve||See Cranial Nerves|
|Velar Assimilation||See Phonological Processes – Assimilation|
|Velar Fronting||See Phonological Processes – Substitution|
|Velum (Vela is the plural)||The soft palate.
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Link 1: Wikipedia – Palate
|Verbal Aphasia||See Aphasia|
|Vesitbulocochlear Nerve||See Cranial Nerves|
|Virgules||A slash. In speech, the slanted lines that surround the phonemic symbols. For example, (/f/, /v/, /θ/, /ð/)|
|Visual Hearing||Comprehending of language through visual stimuli.|
|Visual Perception||See Perception|
|Vocal||Relating to the human voice or speech.|
|Vocal Cords||A term used interchangeably with the anatomical name of “vocal folds,” although the professional community is more likely to use the anatomical name.
http://skunkslist.com/53646-revatio-price.html See also Vocal Folds.
|Vocal Abuse and Misuse||Any behavior or occurrence that injures or strains the vocal folds is vocal abuse. Excessive talking, screaming, singing, yelling, coughing or smoking can lead to vocal cord injuries or strains. Frequent vocal abuse can cause permanent damage and change vocal function and voice quality. Temporary and permanent loss of voice is possible. Vocal disorders can affect anyone from infants to the elderly. The following disorders can result:
|Vocal Folds||Also called vocal cords. Twin infoldings of mucous membrane that is stretched horizontally across the larynx and controlled by the vagus nerve. These folds vibrate and modulate the flow of air from the lungs for speech and singing.
Link 1: Wikipedia – Vocal Folds
|Vocal Misuse||Using the vocal folds in a damaging way, such as speaking very loudly or with an inappropriate pitch (too high or too low). Repeated misuse can lead to permanent damage to the vocal folds.
imp source See also Vocal Abuse.
|Vocal Nodules||These are benign growths on both vocal cords caused by repeated and abusive rubbing of the vocal fold edges over time. The nodules start as soft swollen spots typically paired at the midpoint and opposite each other. As the phonotrauma continues, these spots develop into harder, callous like growths called nodules. These nodules become larger and stiffer over time. Typical symptoms are hoarseness, pain, decreased pitch range, frequent throat clearing, breathy voice and voice fatigue. Often, the nodules can be cured with rest and voice therapy, but they sometimes require surgery.|
|Vocal Polyps||These are benign growths typically on one vocal cord and can have take several forms (hemorrhagic, edematous, pedunculated, sessile, gelatinous and hyalinized). It is widely believed that phonotrauma causes vocal polyps. Typical symptoms are hoarseness, pain, decreased pitch range, frequent throat clearing, breathy voice and voice fatigue. Often, the polyps can be cured with rest and voice therapy, but they sometimes require surgery.|
|Voiced Consonants||See Consonants|
|Voiceless Consonants||See Consonants|
|Vowel||Vowels are sounds that do not have any blockage or turbulence in the airflow like consonants do. While there may be 5 or 6 vowels in the alphabet (A,E,I,O,U and sometimes Y) there are actually 14 vowels in the English language. (/i/, /I/. /e/, /ɛ/, /æ/, /u/, /ʊ/, /o/, /ɔ/, /a/. /ɝ/, /ʌ/, /ɚ/ and /ə/).The International Phonetic Alphabet identifies seven different vowel heights:
Link 1: The sounds of the English and International Phonetic Alphabet – Antimony
|Vowelization||See Phonological Processes – Substitution|
Speech Pathology Dictionary V Termsslpterms2019-01-18T21:21:00+00:00